Best In Tanzania

Best Tanzanian Information Hub

Tanzania Government Structure, Political System And Ministries – Details

Tanzania Government Structure, Political System, And Ministries – Details You Need To Know

Tanzania government structure is a unitary presidential republic and of a multi-party system. This means the president is both the head of state and heading government.

The party system is dominated by the Revolutionary State Party also known as the Chama Cha Mapunduzi.

Every five years, elections are held by direct popular votes and the president must be represented by a registered party. The president cannot serve more than two terms.

A prime minister is appointed by the president and he serves as the head of the government’s general assembly. He or she also selects cabinet members and is permitted to nominate 10 members who aren’t elected who can serve in the cabinet.

Tanzania Government Structure, Political System, And Ministries

Tanzania Government Structure, Political System, And Ministries

The unicameral legislature is the National Assembly. Members include –

  • The attorney general
  • Members directly elected by universal adult suffrage
  • Maximum of ten presidential appointees and
  • Five delegates from the Zanzibar parliament

Zanzibar is an independent part within the Tanzanian government with its own president, government, and legislature.

Zanzibar’s House of Representatives consists of 50 directly elected members.

These 50 members consist of

  • 15 female nominees
  • 10 presidential nominees and
  • Five ex officio members.

With one seat reserved for the attorney general.

Structure of Central Government in Tanzania

Tanzania Government Structure

Executive

Main Powers:

  • Commander-in-chief of the armed forces, head of government functions.

Election Process:

  • President is elected by popular vote

Election Cycle:

  • 5 years

Judicial

Main Powers:

  • Interpreting diverse laws
  • Executive and administrative decisions
  • Handling cases filed before the courts of law
  • Maintaining peace and order through the rule of law and good governance

Election Process:

  • Elected by the president

Election Cycle:

Mandatory retirement at the age of 60

 

Legislative

Main Powers:

  • Deal with union and non-union issues which are outside the scope of the Zanzibar Government
  • Discussion of bills and passing laws
  • Policing the actions of the executive arm of government

Election Process:

  • 239 members are elected to the National Assembly by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.
  • 102 seats are reserved for women and 5 members are allocated to members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives.
  • 10 members are to be appointed by the president.

Election Cycle:

  • 5 years.

Tanzanian Government Political Divisions

Tanzania is divided into 31 regions.

  • 26 in the mainland
  • 3 in Zanzibar, and
  • 2 in Pemba.

There are also 114 councils operating in 99 districts.

  • 22 are urban and
  • 92 are rural.

The 22 urban are further classified as cities (Dares Salaam, Mwanza), municipal (Arusha, Bukoba, Dodoma, Iringa, Kogima-Ujiji, Lindi, Moshi, Mbeya, Morogoro, Musoma, Mtawara-Mikindani, Singida, Shinyanga, Tabora and Tanga) and town councils.

Tanzanian Government Ministries

  • Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security, and Cooperatives
  • Ministry of Communication, Science, and Technology
  • Ministry of Community Development, Gender, and Children
  • Ministry of Defence and National Service
  • Ministry of Energy and Minerals
  • Ministry of East-African Cooperation
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
  • Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs
  • Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
  • Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Ministry of Industry and Trade
  • Ministry of Information, Youth, Culture, and Sports
  • Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs
  • Ministry of Labour and Employment
  • Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Department
  • Ministry of Minerals
  • Ministry of Transport
  • Ministry of Works

Tanzanian Government International Organisation Participation

The Tanzanian government belongs to the following prominent international organizations.

ACP:

  • Organization Name
    African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    6 June 1975

Aim

To manage their preferential economic and aid relationship with the EU

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    77
  • Website
    http://www.acp.int

AFDB

  • Organization Name
    African Development Bank Group
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    10 September 1964

Aim

To promote economic development and social progress

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    78
  • Website
    http://www.afdb.org

 

AU

  • Organization Name
    African Union
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    8 July 2001

Aim

To achieve greater unity among the African States; to defend states’ integrity and independence; to accelerate political, social, and economic integration; to encourage international cooperation; to promote democratic principles and institutions.

G-77

  • Organization Name
    Group of 77
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    15 June 1964; October 1967 first ministerial meeting

Aim

To promote economic cooperation among developing countries; name persists in spite of increased membership.

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    131
  • Website
    http://www.g77.org

IMF

  • Organization Name
    International Monetary Fund
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    22 July 1944; effective – 27 December 1945

Aim

To promote world monetary stability and economic development; a UN specialized agency.

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    191
  • Website
    http://www.imf.org/ open_in_new

INTERPOL

  • Organization Name
    International Criminal Police Organization
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    September 1923 set up as the International Criminal Police Commission; 13 June 1956 constitution modified and present name adopted

Aim

To promote international cooperation among police authorities in fighting crime.

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    193
  • Website
    http://www.interpol.int

UN

  • Organization Name
    United Nations
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    26 June 1945; effective – 24 October 1945

Aim

To maintain international peace and security and to promote cooperation involving economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian problems.

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    194
  • Website
    http://www.un.org

UNESCO

  • Organization Name
    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    16 November 1945; effective – 4 November 1946

Aim

To promote cooperation in education, science, and culture.

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    195
  • Website
    http://en.unesco.org

WHO

  • Organization Name
    World Health Organization
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    22 July 1946; effective – 7 April 1948

Aim

To deal with health matters worldwide; a UN specialized agency.

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    191
  • Website
    http://www.who.int

WTO

  • Organization Name
    World Trade Organization
  • Membership Status
    Full member
  • Date Established
    15 April 1994; effective – 1 January 1995

Aim

To provide a forum to resolve trade conflicts between members and to carry on negotiations with the goal of further lowering and/or eliminating tariffs and other trade barriers.

  • Number of Countries Associated with This Organization
    183
  • Website
    https://www.wto.org

 

Environmental Agreements

These are the following environment agreements by the Tanzanian government.

  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change – Kyoto protocol
  • Endangered species
  • Law of the sea
  • Desertification
  • Hazardous waste
  • Ozone layer protection
  • Wetlands

In this article, we have looked at the Tanzania Government structure, political system and Ministries.

Are you from Tanzania? Is there anything you think we missed out on? Please share your thoughts in the comment section. 

Related: 

Tags: Tanzania Government Structure, Political System, And Ministries

Summary
Review Date
Reviewed Item
Tanzania Government Structure, Political System, And Ministries - Details You Need To Know
Author Rating
51star1star1star1star1star
Updated: March 1, 2018 — 2:38 pm

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Best In Tanzania © 2017 Frontier Theme
error: Content is protected !!