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Over the years, the Tanzanian education sector has remained a cause for alarm due to the government’s ignorance to the academic needs of the masses. Majorly, no section of the Tanzanian constitution implies that the government is responsible for providing the people with education. And as part of the drawbacks of contemporary Tanzanian society, this means the masses have to exert themselves and work towards giving themselves formal education { Problems Facing Education In Tanzania }.

Since the provision of compulsory education is not included in the government’s agenda, it will be very difficult to argue that education is one of the privileges every Tanzanian child must receive from the government. In the light of this, the Tanzanian education sector is yet to reach any peak of improvements and currently, it persistently struggles amid challenges.

problems facing education in tanzania

Sadly, the government’s failure to charge itself with the development of the education sector has resulted in woeful performances which are recorded year after year. In some past years, records culled from the performances of many form-four students revealed that a sad total of 60% obtained division 0, about 34% obtained division 4 while just 6% of the students succeeded in the examinations.

In point of fact, the failure of students to emerge with brilliant performances apparently results from the marginalization many Tanzanian communities suffer in the hands of the government. Lots of parents do not find it affordable to enroll their children into private schools. This forces them to restrict their children to public schools where no attention is paid to the welfare of students.

Many students in public schools are faced with a lot of academic drawbacks among which are little or no financial support from parents, absence of competent academic personnel, high incidence of expulsion and lack of infrastructural facilities.

On several occasions, some educators have entreated the Tanzanian government to see to the academic needs of the masses by making sufficient books available to students and educating academic personnel –such as teachers –in accordance with relevant curricula. At the same time, it is believed that teachers’ knowledge of curricula –which pertain to the current methods of conducting examinations –will foster the betterment of education in the country.

Viewing the issue of students’ poor performances from another angle, it has been argued that students themselves choose not to focus on reading their books. Rather than reading, many students have reportedly indulged themselves in social media platforms such as Facebook.  While browsing the internet, these students fail to conduct researches which can facilitate their studies. In that case, they favour chatting with friends online at the expense of academic engagements.

Here, we’re committed to highlighting some of the critical problems facing education in Tanzania, those that the Tanzanian education sector is yet to overcome. As earlier implied, most of these problems are attributed to the government’s failure to provide the means for quality education.


  • Lack of Sufficient Facilities for Sports Activities

Many Tanzanian schools –especially the public schools –are short of adequate funds needed for the purchase of sports facilities. Barely can these schools afford the maintenance of playing grounds and this is due to the inadequate resources available to them.

However, the introduction of the (UEP) Universal Education Programmes –alongside the freedom for private establishment of schools –has contributed immensely to some part of Tanzania’s education sector. Significantly, there has been a favourable increase in the number of private schools, universities and colleges. As a greater step ahead of this, cases of admission into these institutions are on the increase. Meanwhile, the woeful outcome of Tanzanian education –largely resulting from over-dependence on the public sector –are being phased out by the continual emergence of private institutions into the education sector.

Significantly, the private sector is striving hard to equip its schools with adequate sports facilities which can improve students’ understanding and appreciation of physical education.

  • Cultural and Social Norms in Tanzania

One of the drawbacks afflicting the Tanzanian education sector is the people’s view of education. This view makes them pay little or no attention to the unethical practices and attitudes peculiar to boys and girls.

In many cases, some female children encounter severe academic plights resulting from sexual harassment and unwanted pregnancies. Consequently, some of these girls become subject of early marriages and eventually lose the opportunity to proceed with their education.

Also, some cultural practices –particularly peculiar to the less-privileged areas –subject many female children to undertaking house chores. In this regard, they are deprived of formal education beginning from very early ages. Another critical aspect of this is that most of the children living under disabilities –such as the physically challenged –are largely ignored and barely do they have access to education.

As regards the presence of male children in schools, the best part of boys pay little or no attention to education. In view of this, some of them choose to diverge from their academic courses during their teens.

  • Old-fashioned System of Teaching

Many schools adopt some old teaching methods which do not tally with the contemporary needs of students. The curricula of several schools have failed to experience any improvements. Unfortunately, these schools adopt the same curricula year after year.  Meanwhile, this results in the failure to focus on the present-day challenges afflicting Tanzania’s education sector.

  • Inadequacy of Academic Materials

Schools –especially in the public sector –are short of the academic materials required to impart adequate literacy to children at the primary and secondary levels. In many cases, children –in primary schools –are provided with very few books which do not meet their academic necessities. As a result of this, many of them fail to acquire the standard literacy they need before plunging into secondary education.

Cases of Overcrowded Classrooms

Lots of Tanzanian schools –especially at the primary level –are crowded with children. This disproportionate number of children affects teachers as a single teacher may find it difficult to cope with a classroom of almost 200 pupils. In view of this, many teachers fail to impart adequate knowledge to pupils.

  • Poor Infrastructural Facilities

Some schools are not equipped with basic amenities needed to enhance children’s desire to learn. Factors such as dilapidated classrooms, poor supply of electricity, inadequate water supply and lack of sanitary measures hinder many children’s access to quality education.

Meanwhile, these demerits are largely associated with many public schools because the government hardly funds them with the infrastructural equipment which can pave the way for sound education.

That’s all on Major problems facing education in Tanzania 2018.


Tags: Problems Facing Education In Tanzania , problems of education in Tanzania, history and development of education in Tanzania

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Updated: February 2, 2018 — 7:19 pm

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